Talking therapy can help with many mental health issues. Here you can find out about the different kinds and what to expect during the therapy process.
These are therapies that are based on a cognitive behavioural approach. This means thinking on why we behave in a certain way and changing the way we think in order to change our behaviour.
These are therapies aimed at improving family and romantic relationships. Depending on the issues, these therapies can involve more than one person but can also be done one-on-one with the therapist to help a individual in their relationships.
These are therapies aimed at younger ages. The therapeutic approach may need to be different due to the way that children learn and understand, which can include play therapy. The approach also needs to factor in their brain is still developing.
These therapies involve personal interaction, to help a person change behaviour and overcome problems in desired ways. This can often involve talking about past experiences to unearth potential reasons for current behaviour.
This is an evidence based approach to overcoming trauma. This type of therapy help by helping the brain to properly process traumatic memories.
Therapy always begins with an assessment of the presenting issues but a specialist assessment is a little different. Specialist assessments explore a specific concern in isolation using more formal testing methods.
Our step-by-step guide to the therapy process with Select Psychology.
The first step is recognising you have an issue and asking for help. You can call, email us or book online. During this initial contact we will arrange a date and time for you to speak to an experienced mental health professional.
This is often called ‘triage’. This simply involves a having a conversation with a mental health professional about the the challenges you’re facing. This is done over the telephone during a 15-minute free consultation. In this conversation they will find out what issues you are having and therefore what therapies and services would be best suited to your needs.
From this we will then recommend a ‘pathway’ – counsellor, CBT therapist or clinical psychologist – and then go off and contact our therapists to find out their availability.
We will get back in touch with some appointment options that suit your preferred time, day and location and book your appointment. When this is will depend on your appointment preference and the availability of our therapists. We will endeavour to give you the soonest possible appointment while ensuring the therapist is well-suited for your needs. This will normally be within a week or two of your telephone consultation.
Before you can begin a course of therapy, your therapist will need to carry out an assessment. All individuals entering into therapy will have an initial assessment with their therapist. This involves them taking a history of your presenting problems and relevant past history. This is to get a more thorough understanding of the challenges your are facing so they can devise a course of therapy that will best help you. This will include exploration of your mood, thoughts and feelings. It will also explore life events that may have impacted upon these and current stressors that may be maintaining your difficulties.
Gathering this information is an important part of the therapeutic process. It allows you to identify and set goals and helps you to identify the issues you would like to work on.
Gaining a better understanding of your difficulties will be used to establish your on-going therapy needs and what you expect to achieve from therapy. On occasion, areas identified in the assessment process will require an alternative approach not covered by the assessor and an onward referral may be advised. Where possible this will be with one of our other team members. Where this is not possible we will do our best to support you to find the most appropriate service.
An initial assessment can take 1-3 sessions, depending upon the complexity of the presenting issues. More specialist assessments, such as neuropsychological assessments and cognitive assessments may take longer.
Following on from your assessment, you will move onto therapy.
Appointments are 50 minutes. These can be anything from weekly to monthly, depending on your individual circumstances.
There are many different types of therapy available to you. You will have had a discussion with your therapist about the approach that will be most suited to your needs. Some therapies will focus on the here and now and will help you to problem solve the issues that are holding you back in your day to day life. Others may take you back to previous life events, such as trauma, that have had a long term impact upon your wellbeing.
Whichever course of therapy, by the end you should have a clearer understanding about your own thinking and behaviour. With this you should gain a better ability to understand and resolve your problems. As a result, there should be an improvement in your quality of life.
It is possible that during the course of therapy issues may be identified that change the course of therapy. This will be managed by your current therapist where possible. On occasion, there may be an onward referral advised and we will support you with this process.
As you start to improve, you can agree changes to the frequency of sessions as required. Ultimately, there will be a time when both you and your therapist agree that you no longer need to continue in active therapy. However, it can be reassuring to know that you can always come back. You can see your therapist for an occasional progress review or if you feel you need a ‘booster’ session after a particular set-back. You can even come back for another short course of therapy to help regain perspective or commitment.
Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behaviour. In terms of psychology as a treatment for mental health difficulties, this refers to talking therapies. These aim to change patterns of thinking and, often, their subsequent and/or associated behaviours. There are many different kinds of talking therapies including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) and counselling.
Psychiatry is different and focuses on treating mental health issues with medicine. The two can work in tandem to treat more complex issues.
Talking therapies aim to give perspective and often retrain/teach new ways of thinking that aid better mental wellbeing.