All people can have their ups and downs, and you may feel low for many different reasons, but this does not always mean that you are suffering from depression. Clinical depression is a mood disorder that lasts longer and affects your ability to function on a day to day basis. It causes persistent sadness and loss of interest; it affects how you think, feel and behave and lead to other physical and emotional problems. It can have an impact on all aspects of your life such as work, relationships and health.
Should you be experiencing some or all of the following symptoms most of the time for two weeks or more, you should seek help:
There is not a specific cause of depression; it varies massively between individuals and is usually a combination of factors. Some common factors are:
The leading mental health problem in the world is depression, followed by anxiety, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. In England, 24% of women and 13% of men in England are diagnosed with depression in their lifetime. Depression often occurs alongside other mental health issues.
However, in some cases, self-help is not enough, and professional intervention may be required to assist in recovery.
You can make an appointment to see the GP. They can signpost you to support within the NHS.
There are many charities out there that can offer guidance and support, such as, Rethink Mental Illness and Mind (see useful links).
Select Psychology offers a wide of therapies to address depression and gives you the tools to cope and understand your emotions. We are a private mental health service with highly trained therapists and no waiting lists.
This is how therapy would work:
Step 1 – Get in touch: The first step is recognising you have an issue and seeking help – Book a free telephone consultation and start the process by providing a space and time to share your needs with us.
Step 2 – Telephone Consultation: You will be heard and understood through a confidential phone conversation. Often called the ‘triage’ this is where you can share more about your needs, and we can advise on therapy pathways and provide initial guidance where possible.
Step 3 – Appointment Offer: We will match your needs with the best fit practitioner for your therapy pathway and offer you an appointment within two weeks.
Step 4 – Initial Assessment: Before you begin a course of therapy, your therapist will need to conduct an assessment in order agree a course of therapy with you that will best help you and address your goals. This is still part of the therapeutic process and will provide you with a better understanding of your difficulties and how you may start to approach them.
Step 5 – Your Therapy: Following on from your assessment, you will move onto therapy. Appointments are 50 minutes – these can be anything from weekly to monthly, depending on your individual circumstances. The number of sessions required to feel better will depend on your needs and therapy plan, this can range between 8-16 sessions, but in general, more time is needed to address more complex issues.
Step 6 – Feeling Better: As you start to improve, you can agree on changes to the frequency of sessions as required. Ultimately, there will be a time when both you and your therapist agree that you no longer need to continue in active therapy.
How do I know that I am depressed?
The symptoms of depression vary greatly between individuals. However, a lack of motivation to carry out everyday tasks and feelings of sadness and hopelessness are common.
What to do if I think I am depressed?
Seek help. This can be the hardest but most essential step for being able to recover.
What are the general methods used to treat depression?
Many approaches to treat depression are available, the most frequently used evidence-based methods are Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Therapy.
What is the difference between bipolar and unipolar depression?
Bipolar involves a cycle between manic and depressive states, whereas unipolar depression is being in a depressive state.
How do I know what treatment is best for me?
It can vary from person to person what treatment or therapist is right for them. Therapists typically complete an assessment and then agree on treatment with your direct involvement.
What happens if depression goes untreated?
Depression can have a massive impact on your physical health and mental wellbeing. The severity is unknown, but it is best not to leave it to chance and get the help necessary.
Article – Coping with anxiety and depression
Mental Health Charities: